So the FDA complains about supplements: “products that have not been shown to be safe and effective for their labeled conditions of use”.
Thats why the FDA was able to block the still-best drugs – the andidiabetic supplement metformin- and the antidepressant supplement lithium- for decades.
We must agree that the evidence of both safety and efficacy for many supplements is lacking eg for black cohosh, kava kava for menopause.
But where is the long-term evidence of “safe and effective” (let alone essential) for pharma industry synthetics eg non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, bisphosphonates; sulphonylureas, glitazones, ACEIs, ARBs, SSRIs, anti-platelet, gabapentin, pregabalin, and antiAlzheimers agents, ?
The FDA’s double standards ie USA self-interest are endemic not just to USA Administrations (read Gore Vidal, Elaine Feuer, Naomi Klein, Al Gore, Levine & Scott-Clark), but to all Govts, businesses, most politicians and most citizens worldwide of the past 40 years if not centuries. No neutral Courts support them.
But these double standards are why religious and racial and gender intolerance, fraud, war, genocides and poverty prevail, why mankind (ie greed) is fast wiping out life on this planet- in our lifetime-, as eg Shute, Miller, Carson and Attwood’s novels so depressingly predict – in our lifetime.